Penerapan Etik dalam Penelitian Sistem Informasi: Review dan Rekomendasi

Luthfi Ramadani(1*)
(1) Program Studi Sistem Informasi - Telkom University
(*) Corresponding Author



Abstrak


Sistem informasi adalah bidang multidisiplin dimana dalam aktivitas penelitiannya peneliti berinteraksi dengan objek manusia sebagai responden baik individu maupun organisasi. Dalam keberjalanan proses dan aktivitas penelitian tersebut, berbagai isu etik muncul seperti privasi dan kerahasiaan data, risiko terhadap objek penelitian, bahkan hingga ke aspek legal. Aspek etik juga muncul dalam berbagai topik penelitian sistem informasi seperti etik dalam big data, sistem informasi kesehatan, dan asosiasi profesi. Akan tetapi, walaupun berbagai isu etik telah dikenali di disiplin sistem informasi, penerapannya di dalam pengelolaan penelitian di negara menengah dan berkembang masih sangat terbatas. Terlebih lagi, acuan terhadap penerapan etik umumnya masih eksklusif di negara atau institusi riset yang sudah mapan, sehingga sangat penting adanya publikasi panduan terutama untuk institusi riset dan pendidikan di negara ketiga terkait protokol atau tatanan baku pengelolaan penelitian berbasis etik. Berdasar pada isu ini, studi ini melakukan tinjauan pustaka naratif untuk mereview dan mengkonseptualisasi domain etik dalam penelitian sistem informasi. Studi ini kemudian menyajikan panduan dan rekomendasi terkait kapabilitas organisasi penelitian berbasis etik, proses manajemen pengelolaan, serta standar acuan penerapan etik di penelitian berdasarkan best practice yang digunakan di negara dan institusi riset yang sudah menerapkan etik. Secara keseluruhan, studi ini memberikan kontribusi terhadap institusi dan komunitas/asosiasi dalam bentuk pondasi dasar pengelolaan penelitian berbasis etik di Indonesia.

Kata Kunci


etik penelitian, sistem informasi, kapabilitas, review, rekomendasi


Teks Lengkap:

PDF


Referensi


[1] R. D. Galliers, “Change as Crisis or Growth? Toward a Trans-disciplinary View of Information Systems as a Field of Study: A Response to Benbasat and Zmud’s Call for Returning to the IT Artifact,” Journal of the Association for Information Systems, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 337–352, 2003.

[2] G. Walsham, “Are we making a better world with ICTs? Reflections on a future agenda for the IS field,” Journal of Information Technology, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 87–93, 2012.

[3] S. R. Benatar, “Reflections and recommendations on research ethics in developing countries,” Social Science and Medicine, vol. 54, no. 7, pp. 1131–1141, 2002.

[4] A. Sumantri, Metodologi penelitian kesehatan. Prenada Media, 2015.

[5] G. Paré, M. C. Trudel, M. Jaana, and S. Kitsiou, “Synthesizing information systems knowledge: A typology of literature reviews,” Information and Management, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 183–199, 2015.

[6] J. von Brocke, A. Simons, B. Niehaves, K. Riemer, R. Plattfaut, and A. Cleven, “Reconstructing the Giant: On the Importance of Rigour in Documenting the Literature Search Process,” in 17th European Conference on Information Systems, 2009, pp. 2206–2217.

[7] C. J. Riehl, “The Principal’s Role in Creating Inclusive Schools for Diverse Students: A Review of Normative, Empirical, and Critical Literature on the Practice of Educational Administration,” Review of Educational Research, vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 55–81, 2000.

[8] “Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research.” National Health and Medical Research Council; Australian Research Council and Universities Australia, Canberra, 2018.

[9] “the University of Melbourne Research Integrity and Misconduct Policy.” [Online]. Available: https://research.unimelb.edu.au/.

[10] H. J. Smith and J. Hasnas, “Ethics and information systems: The corporate domain,” MIS Quarterly, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 109–127, 1999.

[11] S. J. Harrington, “The effect of codes of ethics and personal denial of responsibility on computer abuse judgments and intentions,” MIS Quarterly, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 257–277, 1996.

[12] D. Banerjee, T. P. Cronan, and T. W. Jones, “Modeling IT ethics: A study in situational ethics,” MIS Quarterly, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 31–54, 1998.

[13] Trevor T. Moores and Jerry Cha-Jan Chang, “Ethical Decision Making in Software Piracy: Initial Development and Test of a Four- Component Model,” MIS Quarterly, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 167–180, 2006.

[14] D. G. Johnson, “Ethics Online,” Communications of the ACM, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 60–65, 1997.

[15] B. Light and K. McGrath, “Ethics and social networking sites: A disclosive analysis of Facebook,” Information Technology & People, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 290–311, 2010.

[16] D. Kelly, “Methods for evaluating interactive information retrieval systems with users,” Foundations and Trends in Information Retrieval, vol. 3, no. 1–2, pp. 1–224, 2009.

[17] H. Rippen and A. Risk, “e-Health Code of Ethics,” Journal of Medical Internet Research, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 1–6, 2000.

[18] A. Rubel and K. M. L. Jones, “Student privacy in learning analytics: An information ethics perspective,” Information Society, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 143–159, 2016.

[19] B. C. Stahl, G. Eden, M. Jirotka, and M. Coeckelbergh, “From computer ethics to responsible research and innovation in ICT: The transition of reference discourses informing ethics-related research in information systems,” Information and Management, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 810–818, 2014.

[20] J. Mingers and G. Walsham, “Toward Ethical Information Systems: The Contribution of Discourse Ethics,” MIS Quarterly, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 833–854, 2010.

[21] A. Radermacher and G. Walia, “Gaps between industry expectations and the abilities of graduates,” SIGCSE 2013 - Proceedings of the 44th ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education, pp. 525–530, 2013.

[22] V. Subbian et al., “Ethics and informatics in the age of COVID-19: challenges and recommendations for public health organization and public policy,” Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 184–189, 2021.

[23] J. Johnstone, “Technology as empowerment: A capability approach to computer ethics,” Ethics and Information Technology, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 73–87, 2007.

[24] S. R. J. Sheppard and P. Cizek, “The ethics of Google Earth: Crossing thresholds from spatial data to landscape visualisation,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 90, no. 6, pp. 2102–2117, 2009.

[25] B. K. Clinton, B. C. Silverman, and D. H. Brendel, “Patient-targeted googling: The ethics of searching online for patient information,” Harvard Review of Psychiatry, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 103–112, 2010.

[26] U. E. Gattiker and H. Kelley, “Morality and Computers: Attitudes and Differences in Moral Judgments,” Information Systems Research, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 233–254, 1999.

[27] C. Allen, I. Smit, and W. Wallach, “Artificial morality: Top-down, bottom-up, and hybrid approaches,” Ethics and Information Technology, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 149–155, 2005.


Artikel Statistik

Abstrak telah dilihat : 95 kali
PDF telah dilihat : 43 kali

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Alamat Redaksi :
Jurusan Sistem Informasi, Fakultas Teknologi Informasi
Universitas Andalas
Kampus Limau Manis, Padang 25163, Sumatera Barat

email: teknosi@fti.unand.ac.id

  Jumlah Pengunjung :

 

Creative Commons License
This work by JSI-Unand and licensed under a CC BY-SA 4.0 International License.